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I will pay for the following essay Analysis Of The Sermon on the book of Jonah in Moby Dick. The essay is to be 5 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page.
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Jonah’s reaction is held in stark contrast with the demeanor of God who, “And God saw their works, how they turned from their evil way. and God relented of the evil which he said he would do to them, and did it not” (Kent 422). This is a key point vis–vis Melville’s use of the Book of Jonah as a literary device because he leaves this clear counterpoint out of the thread of his text and plot. For Melville, the story of Jonah ends with Jonah’s deliverance from the belly of the whale: “…and from the shuddering cold and blackness of the sea, the whale came breaching up toward the warm and pleasant sun, and all the delights of air and earth. and ‘vomited out Jonah upon the dry land'” (Melville 58). At this point in the Book of Jonah the tale loses all relevance for Melville because it has served its purpose. but what purpose
The original story can be succinctly divided into two parts with two essential lessons for man: 1) Yahweh command and Jonah disobeys to his everlasting shame and punishment, 2) Yahweh commands and Jonah obeys much to his chagrin, and in both instances Jonah’s faults are made apparent and offered up to mankind as object lessons regarding both the authority and benevolence of Yahweh. In fact, Jonah continues in the Book of Jonah to command God, even following his deliverance from the belly of the whale to command God in a manner that meets his expectations:
Therefore, O Jehovah, tak…
And Jehovah God prepared a gourd, and made it to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shade over his head. (Kent 422)
Again, Melville’s use of the Book of Jonah is completely devoid of this portion of the tale because, for him, it bears little relevance or use to the true imperative of the Book of Jonah. Above it can be seen that Jonah is, in fact, anything but ultimately repentant. indeed, he is still arrogant and demanding as evidenced by his denouncement of God’s mercy towards Nineveh and his command for Yahweh to take his life. He follows this arrogant command by sitting outside the city to ensure that God destroys and punishes Nineveh according to his wishes. The biblical tool within the Book of Jonah is that comparative device used to ensure that man’s ways are correctly seen as inferior and lacking in wisdom compared to God’s all-knowing and beneficent ways. Melville has no use of such a black and white, compare and contrast strategy and finds it too simplistic. In addition to other literary devices and themes, such as foreshadowing and conceit, Melville employs the Book of Jonah not as an object lesson for mankind’s arrogance and inferiority to God, but as a model of deliverance based on his own explorations.
For Melville, the Book of Jonah is, as is the original, also a two-part object lesson in theology: “Shipmates, it is a two-stranded lesson…” (Melville 50). However, thereafter, his thematic use of Jonah diverges completely from the biblical version. While the tales start out the same: “But Jonah rose up to flee to Tarshish from the presence of Jehovah. And he went down to Joppa and found a ship going to Tarshish.