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Compose a 1500 words essay on Formulation in Clinical Psychology Practice. Needs to be plagiarism free!

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Generally, formulation refers to the process whereby a professional or a specialist makes sense of the information gathered from assessment of a client with the aim of using the information to help a client in a productive way. Johnstone and Dallos (2006) note, in clinical psychology practice, formulation is the process whereby psychologists and psychiatrists try to make sense of clients’ information by individualizing their understanding of the clients so as to create intervention appropriate to a particular client based on many models and general psychology knowledge. Miriam (2007) argues that the ability of psychologists and psychiatrists to develop an individualized understanding of their clients to provide individualized intervention is what sets their profession apart from other healthcare professions. The original purpose of formulation in clinical psychology is to ensure enhanced therapeutic engagement with the client (Beinart et al, 2009). As such, there is more to formulation than just application of models and theories. formulation entails effective communication and written cases in assessment among other aspects that are essential in engaging clients in formulation process. This is essential on the part of psychology practitioners as they will be able to formulate a hypothesis on the cause and nature of the problems presented by the clients hence creation of appropriate intervention (Thomas, 2005). Lemma (2003) notes that formulation in clinical psychology is often distinguished from diagnosis because even though these two approaches are similar in some ways, they also differ in fundamental way. Mainly, diagnosis is focused on assessment with the aim of offering medical interventions. its assessment is medically- inclined whose main intervention is medical. This approach greatly disregards other factors such as early experiences and genetics hence denying interventions of input of these very factors (Weerasekeera, 1995). Formulation on the other hand seeks to identify all predisposing factors related to the client’s problems such as temperament, genetics, and early experiences among others. Bruce and Ian (2002) explain that clinical psychologists who use formulation approach usually base their assessment, research evidence, and interventions on the following aspects: medical conditions. understanding feeling of behaviors and distressing thoughts. behavioral and emotional difficulties. clients’ age. therapeutic needs of adults and young people with mental health difficulties. and disputes relating to the client’s daily activities such as employment and education. Formulation not only focuses on the problem of the client but seeks to understand the cause(s) and nature of the problem. It seeks to understand what contributed to the emergence of the problem. is the problem environmental, trans-generational, relationship oriented or physical. It also focuses on the belief or stories that the client or his friends or relatives have regarding the problem. After looking at the causes of the problem, formulation model in clinical psychology requires that a trigger to the problem be identified (Kang et al, 2005). Moreover, since a difficulty has to have a maintenance cycle, that is, what keeps the cycle in progress for instance what keeps a client’s depression recurring, formulation seeks to evaluate the factors behind this cycle. Psychiatrist using this approach has to examine the pattern of events relating to the client’s problem and why the problem has not been resolved previously using other means.

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