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Compose a 1500 words essay on Racism and Slavery in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Needs to be plagiarism free!

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The novel is set in an entirely historically truthful context in the 19th century, when slavery in America was at its pinnacle. Though written two decades after the end of the American Civil War, which saw the abolition of slavery and the practise of Reconstruction, where former slaves were set to be re-integrated into normal society, the novel is actually set before this time. However, in many ways the setting of the novel before the Civil War serves to highlight the hypocrisies of the actual execution of Reconstruction, as the adversities and restrictions set against the characters reflect the adversities, though much more insidious, faced by former slaves even after the abolition of slavery. The characters of Huckleberry Finn, Jim and Tom Sawyer all serve to highlight these hypocrisies through the representation of the various attitudes on the idea of slavery and Reconstruction, which each character personifies. The plot of the story is a direct attack by the author on the immoral and unjust attitudes of white, upper and middle-class society towards slavery and black people in general. As the story focuses on the trials of Huck and Jim attempting to escape their lives both literally and figuratively, this can be viewed as representative of black people fighting for their own human rights and escaping slavery. Jim, a black slave, is quite literally attempting to escape his own imprisonment by fleeing from his ‘owners’ and travelling to return to his own family (Gregory, 1998). Though Huck, the protagonist and narrator of the novel, is white, he is from a poor family with an extremely abusive father. Huck also wants to escape his own ‘imprisonment’ in a very similar way to Jim, though his imprisonment is much more psychological, as he does not want to be ‘sivilized’ in any way and wants to find freedom from the stifling societal norms which would otherwise have suffocated and thwarted his attitude if he had stayed. The various violent, dangerous, aggressive and even subtle adversities they face in their struggle to successfully escape and reach their destinations, reflect the struggles faced by black people during the earlier 19th century. Some of their time spent on the raft as they journey down the river, is the happiest and most freeing times of both of the characters lives, even though they are subject to physical discomfort and without any luxuries: I hadn’t had a bite to eat since yesterday, so Jim he got out some corn-dodgers and buttermilk, and pork and cabbage and greens—there ain’t nothing in the world so good when it’s cooked right—and whilst I eat my supper we talked and had a good time. . . .We said there warn’t no home like a raft, after all. Other places do seem so cramped up and smothery, but a raft don’t. You feel mighty free and easy and comfortable on a raft. (Twain, 2001, p. 48) The feelings of freedom and peace on the raft, supplemented by good companionship and simple pleasures, contrast starkly with the conflicts, tension and aggression faced by the pair when they are on land, in the company of others. Having to fight against both physical violence and psychological restraints in every way possible effectively brings forth the severity of the plight faced by black people and the massively unjust attitudes of white people as they openly address them as a form of property to be owned, and second class citizens at best. As both Jim and Huck must lie against their own sense of morality, it serves to stress the necessary actions that such people were required to take just to survive in this historical framework.

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