Economic Basics

Instructions

 

Click and drag to select the assignment questions below. Then press CTRL + C to copy, or right-click the text and then click Copy.

 

In a word processing program such as Notepad or Microsoft Word, open a new blank file. Then press CTRL + V to paste, or right-click the blank area and then click Paste. The assignment questions will appear.

 

Save the file in your course folder, and name it with Assignment, the section number, and your first initial and last name. For example, Jessie Robinson’s assignment 1R for Section 1 would be named Assignment1JRobinson.

 

Type the answers to the assignment’s questions. Use complete sentences unless the question says otherwise. You will have more than one day to complete an assignment. At the end of each day, be sure to save your progress.

 

Review Lesson 4 of the Course Overview for instructions about turning in your assignments.

 

Assignment 1: Economic Basics

(24.0 points)

 

1. Describe two examples of important things that financial planning skills can help you do, and explain why these things are important to you personally. (4-6 sentences. 2.0 points)

 

2. List two examples of goods you have purchased in the past or may purchase in the future. (Complete sentences are not necessary. 0.5 points)

 

3. List two examples of services you have purchased in the past or may purchase in the future. (Complete sentences are not necessary. 0.5 points)

 

4. One of the functions of money is as a store of value. How does inflation affect money’s ability to store value? (3-6 sentences. 2.0 points)

 

5. Imagine that you are considering moving to a new country and looking for a job there, but you first want to make sure the country has a strong economy. Describe at least three economic factors that you would want to research as evidence of the economy’s strength or weakness, and explain how each factor would affect your decision to move there. (4-6 sentences. 3.0 points)

 

6. Explain which economic system (market, planned, mixed, or traditional) you think is best for consumers. Describe at least one reason why you think this system is best for consumers. (4-7 sentences. 3.0 points)

 

7. In capitalism, most businesses have a profit motive. Describe at least one reason that businesses with a profit motive may be helpful for society and at least one reason that they may be harmful for society. Then, explain whether you think profit motive is a good thing or a bad thing for society. (4-7 sentences. 2.0 points)

 

8. Choose a well-known company that you know of, and describe its direct and indirect competitors. Describe at least three direct competitors and three indirect competitors. (6-12 sentences. 3.0 points)

 

9. Imagine that you are buying a new computer and comparing different brands and prices. Describe at least two nonprice competition factors you might consider when making your decision. (2-4 sentences. 2.0 points)

 

10. Describe a real or made up but realistic example of a product that went through a time of scarcity, when demand was greater than the supply. What is the product, and why do you think it became scarce? What happened to the price of the product when it was scarce? (3-6 sentences. 2.0 points)

 

11. Describe a product, and then give an example of a time when the demand for this product might be high and the demand for this product might be low. (2-4 sentences. 2.0 points)

 

12. Describe an example of a product that has highly elastic demand. Describe at least two factors that make this product’s demand so elastic. (4-6 sentences. 2.0 points)

 
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