SOCS 185 Week 4 quiz

SOCS 185 Week 4 quiz

Question 1

2 / 2 pts

(TCO 4) Swedish Attorney, Bjorn Liar has been asked to lead a group that will decide which of his firm’s associates will be offered partner status. He’s been asked to be more expressive and to include everyone in the decision-making process. What leadership style should Bjorn use?

 

Authoritarian

 

 

Democratic

 

Laissez-faire

 

Bureaucratic

 

Political

Chapter 5

 

Question 2

2 / 2 pts

(TCO 4) Select the appropriate conclusion from Stanley Milgram’s experiment on authority and the infliction of suffering.

 

The results of sociological investigation can be shocking.

 

Thresholds of physical pain differ substantially.

 

 

People are surprisingly likely to follow not only the directions of legitimate authority figures, but also groups of “ordinary individuals.”

 

The conclusions from Solomon Asch’s study of conformity were incorrect.

 

During times of war, values toward authorities and violence change markedly.

Chapter 5

 

Question 3

0 / 2 pts

(TCO 4) A group of businesswomen meet on a monthly basis to assist one another in advancing their careers. They give each other job leads and advice. This group is an example of _____.

You Answered

 

a role connection

 

impression management

 

status assistance

 

a network

 

LinkedIn individuals

Chapter 5

 

Question 4

2 / 2 pts

(TCO 4) By working at a specific task, people are more likely to become highly skilled and carry out a job with maximum efficiency. This is the rationale for the bureaucratic characteristic of _____.

 

employment based on technical qualifications

 

hierarchy of positions

 

 

specialization

 

rules and regulations

 

impersonality

Chapter 5

 

Question 5

2 / 2 pts

(TCO 4) Which statement is true concerning intersexual people?

 

They are sexually attracted to both sexes.

 

They are attracted to neither sex.

 

 

They have both female and male characteristics.

 

They have no gender.

 

They are in the middle of gender reassignment surgery.

Chapter 6

 

Question 6

2 / 2 pts

(TCO 6) Pat Rearc argues that without norms controlling sexual behavior and thus giving the forces of sexual passion free reign, family life and the raising of children would be threatened. To which paradigm would Pat be aligned?

 

 

Structural Functional Theory

 

Symbolic Interaction Theory

 

Social Conflict Theory

 

Queer Theory

 

Exchange Theory

Chapter 6

 

Question 7

2 / 2 pts

(TCO 6) Emile Durkheim proposed several functions of deviance. Which of the following is NOT one of them?

 

Deviance affirms cultural values and norms.

 

 

Deviance provides employment for a large segment of the work force.

 

Responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries.

 

Deviance encourages social change.

 

Deviance promotes social unity.

Chapter 7

 

Question 8

2 / 2 pts

(TCO 6) Travis Hirschi’s approach to deviance and control proposes that

 

Hirschi is a deviant spelling of Hershey.

 

deviance results from differential access to wealth.

 

deviance is a frustration of ambition.

 

individualism inhibits the deviance.

 

 

everyone finds at least some deviance tempting.

Chapter 7

 

Question 9

2 / 2 pts

(TCO 6) Which of the following is NOT a reason researchers have given for decline in violent crime?

 

 

Increased use of the death penalty

 

Reduction in the youth population

 

Changes in policing

 

Better economy

 

Declining drug trade

Chapter 7

 

Question 10

2 / 2 pts

(TCO 3) While a _____ system is social stratification based on ascription; a _____ system is social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement.

 

caste; crass

 

caste; classless

 

cask; class

 

mobility; closed

 

 

caste; class

Chapter 8

 

Question 11

0 / 3 pts

(TCO 3) According to the Davis-Moore thesis:

You Answered

 

Equality is functional for society.

 

World inequality results from the activities of global multinationals.

 

The greater the functional importance of a position, the more rewards a society attaches to it.

 

Stratification ultimately will be eliminated in the U.S., due to our meritocracy.

 

Viola Davis and Demi Moore are same actress.

Chapter 8

 

Question 12

3 / 3 pts

(TCO 3) _____ is the term for earnings from work or investments and _____ is the term for the total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts.

 

Income; personal property

 

Profit; income

 

Wealth; income

 

 

Income; wealth

 

Rent; net worth

Chapter 8

 

Question 13

3 / 3 pts

(TCO 3) _____ refers to the deprivation of some people in relation to those who have more, while _____ refers to a deprivation of resources that is life-threatening.

 

 

Relative poverty; absolute poverty

 

Absolute poverty; comparative poverty

 

Normative deprivation; non-normative deprivation

 

Comparative deprivation; incomparable deprivation

 

Absolute poverty; relative poverty

Chapter 8

 

Question 14

3 / 3 pts

(TCO 5) Marx claimed social stratification would end with the creation of a socialist economy. What was Weber’s view?

 

 

Weber thought socialism would reduce economic differences but also create a political elite, increasing differences in power.

 

Weber thought capitalism could not be changed.

 

Weber thought socialism would create a new high-prestige nobility.

 

Weber agreed with Marx.

 

Weber thought social stratification would only increase as the world became more industrialized.

Chapter 8

 

Question 15

3 / 3 pts

(TCO 4) Accounts Payable Administrator Imelda Czechs works for a small international corporation. This category of work can be described as _____

 

blue-collar work.

 

 

white-collar work.

 

pink-collar work.

 

fur collar work.

 

no-collar work.

Chapter 8

 

Question 16

3 / 3 pts

(TCO 4) Which type of slavery consists of employers holding workers by paying them too little to cover their debts?

 

Chattel slavery

 

Child slavery

 

 

Debt bondage

 

Debit slavery

 

Revolving credit slavery

Chapter 9

 

Question 17

3 / 3 pts

(TCO 4) Which of the following gives the correct order of stages of modernization according to W. W. Rostow?

 

High mass consumption, traditional, drive to technological maturity, and take-off

 

Traditional, drive to technological maturity, take-off, and high mass consumption

 

High mass consumption, traditional, take-off, and drive to technological maturity

 

 

Traditional, take-off, drive to technological maturity, and high mass consumption

 

Take-off, drive to traditional maturity, technological, and consume mass quantities

Chapter 9

 

Question 18

3 / 3 pts

(TCO 4) A social theorist who contributed to the development of dependency theory by tracing the growth of the capitalist world economy is

 

Max Weber.

 

Emile Durkheim.

 

Walt Rostow.

 

Oliver Clozov

 

 

Immanuel Wallerstein.

Chapter 9

 

Question 19

3 / 3 pts

(TCO 4) The model of the capitalist world economy is

 

Karl Marx’s view that the bourgeois nations, such as England, would dominate the proletarian nations, such as India.

 

Erving Goffman’s view that world peace would result from many types of nations interacting with one another.

 

Talcott Parsons’s view that the inequality that exists among nations is necessary for world stability.

 

 

Immanuel Wallerstein’s view of the global economic system as divided between certain industrialized nations that control wealth, and developing countries that are controlled and exploited.

 

Gerhard Lenski’s view that, as countries gain more technology, they move through levels of development.

Chapter 9

 

Question 20

3 / 3 pts

(TCO 5) _____ is a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of technological and cultural differences between nations and _____ is a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of the historic exploitation of poor nations by rich ones.

 

Dependency theory; modernization theory

 

Destiny; manifest destiny

 

Neocolonialism; colonialism

 

 

Modernization theory; dependency theory

 

Colonialism; neocolonialism

 

 
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